The Ginseng plant reproduces asexually through seeds and roots. From the berries, seeds fall and plant themselves in the soil becoming seedlings the following year, spreading the plant further.
The Ginseng plant grows in the spring and sheds its leaves in the fall, preparing its roots for winter.
The Ginseng plant is a long-lived perennial herb. Ginseng takes many years to grow. It takes an average of 4-5 years for a Ginseng to mature, after this time, you can harvest your Ginseng plant.
Can Ginseng Spread?
Ginseng can spread. Since Ginseng plants naturally release their seeds for germination, they can fall very close to each other. In case of any disease, the roots can affect each other and spread the disease quickly.
For this reason, it is necessary to carry out the necessary agricultural precautions to prevent possible disease.
Roots can grow quickly under intensive cultivation and can grow up to 12 inches in length.
Therefore Ginseng roots that are in close proximity will share in nutrient exchange, but will also readily exchange any diseases or pathogens.
Can Ginseng Grow in The Same Place Twice?
Due to a type of disease known as Replanting Disease, the Ginseng plant does not grow again in the same soil next year.
Although the exact cause of the replant disease is not known, the damage caused by this disease may result in the destruction of the entire crop.
Since this disease can spread to all plants once it starts, some precautions should be taken to prevent this disease. Supplementing your plants with high soil moisture drainage is a preventative measure for crop growers.
Replant disease is a type of soil-borne disease and can spread throughout the land in a short time.
The soil moistened with the drainage method can prevent the occurrence of this disease, and in this way, you can save your crop from extinction.
How to Plant Ginseng
Finding Ginseng seeds has been very difficult recently as the natural habitat has started to disappear.
Therefore, if you have decided to plant a Ginseng plant, you can buy quality seeds online or from reputable stores.
Growing From Seeds
You can preserve your seeds for a long time. Before you start sowing, you should keep the seeds in water for 10 minutes to prevent some infections.
Plant the seeds 1 inch apart in the ground and wait for them to sprout. They are best sown in fall, and will not sprout until the first months of spring.
Growing From Seedlings
You should plant your seedlings immediately after purchase. After planting your seedlings in the soil at an average of 2 inches apart, water the seedlings to moisten the soil.
Keeping the soil moist is very important. The Ginseng plant loves moist environments and grows faster and healthier.
How To Care for a Ginseng Plant
Ginseng is an herb that grows in the forest. But once planted, it doesn’t need constant attention and it is quite robust and independent.
Light and Air
One of the most important things for Ginseng is air circulation. It is vital for Ginseng that the air in the environment is clean and constantly circulating.
Also, the Ginseng plant loves shade. If you cannot find a naturally shady area, you will need to create artificial shade for your Ginseng plants with the resources available to you.
The Ginseng plant normally receives sunlight in a filtered manner in forest interiors. The Ginseng plant needs light to grow but does not need direct sunlight. Sunlight helps to keep the soil warm, so ensure your artificial shade lets in some sunlight.
Soils and Nutrients
The Ginseng plant prefers to grow under mature and hard trees. Soil that is moist and rich in minerals plays an important role in the rapid and healthy growth of the Ginseng plant.
The soil of the soil should be moist and humus, with an acidic pH level. Humus soils are one of the best soil types for Ginseng.
You don’t need to water Ginseng plants daily. The most important point to be considered is that the soil of the Ginseng plant does dry out.
The soil should be constantly moistened and the dryness of the soil should be checked at regular intervals.
So, in the summer months, you may need to water your Ginseng lant more regularly than in the winter.
Temperature and Humidity
Humidity is the most important factor that Ginseng plants need in their natural environment. Humid environment conditions are indispensable for the rapid and healthy development of the Ginseng plant.
For these reasons, keeping the environment and soil moist should be the utmost priority of any Ginseng cultivator.
If you are producing Ginseng in a place other than its natural environment, be sure to artificially humidify the environment at the correct rate for the number of Ginseng you are growing.
Affected by disasters such as floods or landslides, Ginseng roots will rot and die. So, you should not give your Ginseng more water than necessary. Otherwise, you will waterlog your crop and your plants will be at risk of rotting.
How to Harvest and Store Ginseng
The Ginseng plant should be harvested at least 4 years after planting. The Ginseng plant is harvested when it is 4-5 years old.
To understand the age of a Ginseng plant, you have to count the marks at the base of the root. If there are 4 or more scars at the root base, this plant is ready to be harvested.
The Ginseng plant renews its roots every year and the aging stem cells leave scar-like marks on the root base. Harvest time is usually late summer and early autumn. Harvests made in these seasons tend to yield the best quality crop.
If you want a good harvest, you must make sure that the plants are fully mature. The most important thing for any Ginseng grower is patience.
As we mentioned above, this period varies between 4-5 years. Also, considering that the Ginseng plant is a plant with longevity (20 years or more!) there is no need to rush to harvest this plant.
Some of the growers sometimes try to harvest the Ginseng before it is fully ripe in order to make more and early profits. This unproductive and unsuccessful harvest as immature Ginseng has no health benefits.