You can get food poisoning from cooking mushrooms that have gone bad, or from not properly preparing slightly toxic mushrooms before cooking.
Mushrooms, like other foods, will be purified from the toxic substances in them when they are wilted, cooked or soaked, spending on the type of mushroom it is and its toxicity.
Mushrooms that have a high amount of toxic substances should not be eaten at all. Therefore, when consuming mushrooms. Otherwise, if you eat a mushroom that you do not know, you only eat those you purchase from supermarkets and consume them within their sell-by date, or you risk food or toxicity poisoning.
What is Mushroom Poisoning?
Mushroom poisoning is the consumption of poisonous mushrooms, causing functional disorders in the organs by creating toxic substances in the body of the person who eats them.
These disorders can be stopped with acute intervention, but some poisonings can lead to death.
How is Mushroom Poisoning Diagnosed?
Mushroom poisoning is very difficult to diagnose. preferably the patient is conscious and can inform the doctor, otherwise, the illness can appear as a symptom of something else.
First, the doctor will check your temperature and blood toxicity levels. They will also test and vomit (if the patient is vomiting) and check the stomach and intestines for internal bleeding.
These are the most common symptoms of severe mushroom poisoning.
What Is Mushroom Food Poisoning?
Mushroom food poisoning occurs after the ingestion of harmful bacteria that has usually developed after a mushroom has gone bad.
Mushroom food poisoning occurs in edible mushrooms that are old, or when slightly toxic edible mushrooms have been undercooked.
Some mushrooms carry toxins that can harm the human body, but these toxins are destroyed when the mushroom is exposed to high temperatures, making them edible.
The time during which the first symptoms of mushroom food poisoning will be observed varies according to the type of fungus and how old it is.
Depending on the amount of toxin or bacteria in it, these symptoms, which will occur in 1-2 hours up to 6 hours, can cause serious illness.
How Do I Avoid Mushroom Food Poisoning?
Washing and cleaning even a mushroom that you consider safe is an important process, especially if you are cooking mushrooms that you have found in the wild.
Storing the mushrooms you bought or collected incorrectly can cause the mushrooms to deteriorate and spoiled mushrooms cause much more serious health problems. Make sure you always store mushrooms in a sealed container in the fridge or freezer.
What Are The Symptoms of Food Poisoning?
Abdominal Pain and Cramps
The bacteria consumed in mushroom poisoning primarily irritate the intestines and can cause an imbalance in your natural, good bacteria.
The situation can cause stomach inflammation, and lead to severe abdominal pain.
Our abdominal muscles try to expel the bad bacteria through the intestines,which are forced to work faster than normal, and put pressure on our abdominal muscles, causing our muscles to cramp.
Raised Temperature and Headaches
One of the most common symptoms of food poisoning is severe headaches and a rise in temperature as our bodies try to fight the bacteria.
The headaches occur when the body redirects water resources to help flush out the bacteria, leading to dehydration.
If the body is dehydrated for a long time, this can cause severe headaches.
If diarrhea is experienced for more than 6 hours, you could have mushroom food poisoning.
Diarrhea is when your body tries to expel the bacteria from the lower intestine, and a result of the extra water that has been sent there to help the process.
If you experience diarrhea along with other symptoms of mushroom food poisoning, be sure to drink plenty of water.
Vomiting occurs with excessive contraction of the abdominal muscles to rid the stomach of unwanted bacteria or toxins before they reach the intestines.
Vomiting is one of the first symptoms seen in mushroom food poisoning. Unlike diarrhea, vomiting is a defense mechanism, and your body attempts to rid itself of the bacteria before it causes further damage.
If you have fallen victim to severe mushroom food poisoning and your symptoms persist, consult a doctor immediately.
What Should I Do If I Get Food Poisoning from Cooked Mushrooms?
The first thing you should do in case of mushroom food poisoning is to closely monitor the symptoms that may occur.
These symptoms usually appear within 1-2 hours. Then you should see your doctor if your symptoms get worse over the next 24 hours.
With regular mushroom food poisoning, the symptoms usually disappear within 1-2 days. However, if the food poisoning is because you ate a toxic mushroom that was undercooked, the situation could be more serious and you should consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Can Mushroom Food Poisoning Be Prevented or Avoided?
Preventing mushroom poisoning is entirely possible. If you are hunting mushrooms and come across a type of mushroom that you do not trust, definitely do not eat it.
If you are going to buy mushrooms, do this by buying mushrooms that meet the quality standards sold in the markets as much as possible, eat them within a few days and cook them thoroughly.
Never store mushrooms at room temperature, whether they are wild or from the supermarket. Always seal them and leave them in a cool, dry place.
Is it Better to Eat Mushrooms Cooked or Raw?
Cooking mushrooms is always safer than eating them raw. Of course, this varies according to the type of mushroom.
Some mushrooms may contain trace amounts of toxic substances. It is not recommended to eat these mushrooms raw, and you should cook them for at least 4 minutes on either side.
Also, cooked mushrooms taste better than raw mushrooms. Most household mushrooms are safe to eat raw, but cooking them is preferable.
Do Mushrooms Lose Their Nutritional Value When Cooked?
Unfortunately, mushrooms do lose their nutritional value when cooked or fried. In addition, a group of mushroom experts states that storing the mushrooms in the freezer causes their nutritional value to decrease.
They do still contain some nutritional value when cooked or frozen, but they are best eaten fresh and lightly cooked.
How Long is The Storage Period of Cooked Mushrooms?
You can keep the cooked mushrooms in your freezer for a long time by using a plastic storage bag or sealed container.
You can store mushrooms cooked or uncooked in the freezer for 6 months and in the refrigerator for 5 – 7 days.
Mushrooms stored at room temperature will begin to rot within a day or two.