The Ginseng plant is a perennial herb. The spiral-stemmed Ginseng plant has a fleshy root and has a small umbrella of flowers.
The production of the Ginseng plant begins with seedlings. It takes 4 years or more for a Ginseng to reach the harvest stage. Also, to know if a Ginseng is ripe or not, you need to count the marks on its roots. Ginseng with at least 4 traces of their roots are suitable for harvesting.
What is Ginseng?
Ginseng is a perennial herb that is slow to grow. Ginseng has been used as a healing herb and alternative medicine by people around the world for centuries.
The Ginseng plant, which is still used by indigenous tribes across many cultures, is a very effective plant for the prevention of many diseases and illnesses.
The Ginseng plant takes some time to mature. This period is an average of 4 years or more. Cultivators do not need to invest much money to start their Ginseng business, but they do need to invest a lot of time before they begin to see a profit.
Ginseng can be bought raw, processed, as a capsule or tablet, as an essence or scent for aromatherapy, or as a tea or extract.
How Is The Ginseng Plant Used?
One of the most common uses for the Ginseng plant is as a herbal and natural medicine cure.
According to the research, it has been found that Ginseng is very good at preventing many diseases and supporting overall health.
Ginseng is especially good for the immune system, it increases brain function and slows down the progression of diseases such as Alzheimer’s. It supports a healthy nervous system, slowing down the effects of Parkinson’s, and balances blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
In addition, Ginseng energizes the body, reduces fatigue, plays a preventive role in the progression of some heart diseases, and prevents blood pressure problems.
Another of the most well-known uses of Ginseng is its aphrodisiac effect. It increases blood flow to the genitals and stimulates the small blood vessels, enhancing performance.
The effect of Ginseng, which acts as a natural sexually enhancing supplement, has been confirmed by many scientific studies. The results of these studies have increased Ginseng’s production as an aphrodisiac in recent years.
Ginseng is also used in soap and lotion production. Especially in Asia, Ginseng gums, pastes, and soft drinks are very popular.
Does Ginseng Grow Back Every Year?
The Ginseng plant may not bloom every year. It takes several years for a Ginseng plant to fully grow and be ready for harvest,
The important thing about newly ripe Ginseng is that you must allow time for the plant to produce seeds. Wild Ginseng is in decline due to overproduction, and many countries require Ginseng cultivators to produce seeds and replace every plant that they pick.
Sustainable harvesting takes place by planting new seeds right next to the Ginseng plants that have been picked and allowing them to grow to maturity in turn.
Ginseng plants take a long time to grow and may not be ready to harvest until 3-4 years after planting. This business requires a lot of patience and effort, and the lengthy cultivation time is reflected in the rising price of Ginseng.
How Long Does a Ginseng Plant Live?
The Ginseng plant is a perennial herb that can live for many years. It has been observed that some Ginseng plants can live up to 50 years.
These long-living plants also take a long time to mature and ripen, You can tell if a Ginseng plant is fully grown by counting the rings around its stem.
If the Ginseng plant has 4 rings around its stem, then it is ready for harvest. The Ginseng plant gains one ring per year of growth, this is a helpful feature that Ginseng farmers use to determine the plants’ readiness for picking.
What is The Oldest Ginseng Plant?
The longest-lived Ginseng plant in the world is from Hwasun Mahosa, South Jeolla state.
This Ginseng plant is an estimated 130 years old. The average weight of this plant is 80 grams, and the root length of this plant is around 70 cm.
Can Ginseng Survive Winter?
The Ginseng plant is cold-resistant and can survive in cold weather conditions, but not too extreme. Ginseng plants grown in America and Canada can live up to -40 degrees F.
The Ginseng plant is a long-lived plant known for its resistance to high and low temperatures. In autumn, when the temperature starts to drop, the Ginseng plant goes into a deep hibernation. In this way, it is not easily affected by low air temperatures.
However this hibernation phase makes their cultivation longer, so be sure to keep your Ginseng plants at a steady temperature if you wish to grow them yourself.
How Can You Tell The Age Of A Ginseng Plant?
As ginseng grows each year, a scar is formed at the base of its stem. These are known as ‘growth’ rings and are similar to the rings of a tree, but appear on the outside of the Ginseng stem rather than the inside.
The number of these marks indicates the age of the Ginseng plant.
Ginseng plants are a long-lived plant species that takes a long time to mature.
What Month Do You Pick Ginseng?
The best harvest time of the Ginseng plant is between October and November. The Autumn months are very favorable for Ginseng harvesting.
In these months, the fruits of the Ginseng plant turn red and enter the full ripening period. To understand when the Ginseng plant is fully mature, you can look at its leaves.
If it has at least 3-5 forked leaves, it means that the Ginseng has reached harvest maturity.
If you want your ginseng plant to grow in the same place again next year, you should implement the sustainable harvesting method.
A sustainable harvest is achieved by planting new seeds for every Ginseng you pick. Thanks to this method, you will help Ginseng transfer itself to the next generation.