Morels will grow back in the same place every year if the conditions are right. Environments, where humidity and precipitation are abundant, create the necessary environment for the growth of morels.
If moisture is lost and drought looms, morels will not grow in the same place the following year.
What are Morels?
Morel mushrooms are one of the most delicious mushroom species, according to mushroom experts. Morels, which are distinguished from other mushrooms with their texture and appearance, appear as a favorite of mushroom hunters in spring.
The part of the morel that remains underground is called the “mycelium”. The mushroom we love to eat is the fruiting body that remains above the ground.
With the arrival of spring, the world’s best mushroom hunters and kitchen chefs search for these mushrooms.
Morels, a member of the Morchella family, are followed with admiration by fungal scientists. The flavor and smell of the morels are appealing to most.
Why Do Morels Grow in Spring?
Humidity and mild weather are the main reasons morels grow in the spring. In addition, the soil that comes to life with the arrival of spring is highly nutrious, and provides a suitable environment for the growth of morels. Morels cannot complete their development in very hot and very cold soils.
As snow from winter melts, the water and nutrients meet with the soil, which causes the soil to remain cool and full of minerals.
Tree and plant roots provide essential nutrients for the growth of morels. The burst of natural life that comes with the arrival of spring is also a good food source for morel mushrooms.
Ground cracks, traces of burn damage, and openings in the soil are signals of a large number of morel growths. That’s why it’s so important to be knowledgeable about morels’ relationship with nature, it makes them easier to find.
What do Morels Look Like?
The appearance of morels can vary according to the geography where they grow. You can see many shapes of morels, from rectangular shaped ones to onion ring shaped ones and some that vary in color.
They appear in color scales from yellow to gray. Morels have grooves and protrusions on their outer surfaces, especially on the body.
Morels are hollow and the cap is attached to the body. Thanks to this feature, you can distinguish it from a dangerous type of morel called False Morel.
How Long Does it Take For a Morel Mushroom to Grow to Full Size?
The full maturation of morel spores is between 12-15 days. For a morel spore to reproduce, the necessary moist environment must be provided and there must be adequate liquid water under the ground.
While this process takes up the first 1 week of the breeding period, it takes a further 2 weeks for the fungus to grow body form above the soil and blossom into a mature mushroom.
Where are Morels Growing Right Now?
Morels thrive in wooded areas and where humidity is high. Morels, which you can easily see around melting snow in the mountains and dead trees and plants in the forest areas, often grow in temperate places that are humid but not too hot.
Morels can often be seen in groups, and if you are lucky they can be found in large groups. Morels are frequently seen in North America, Turkey, China, the Himalayas, India, Pakistan, and Kashmir.
Will Morels Keep Growing?
Whether the morels will continue to grow or how much harvest they will yield depends on the annual weather conditions.
Changes in habitat events and climate changes in some seasons have changed the way morels grow, as well as other living things in nature.
Global warming, which has threatened our entire world, especially in recent years, destroys natural life and threatens living life. Morels are among the species that suffer from this threat.
Since morel mushrooms are a type of fungus that tends to grow in humid and cool weather, unfortunately, they cannot grow in the very hot weather that is a result of global warming.
If morels encounter drought the year where you gathered them at the previous harvest, they probably won’t be able to grow there again.
However, they can grow again if the necessary environmental conditions return.
Can You Grow Morels Year-round?
Morels do not like very hot or very cold weather so cannot grow all year round, unless you grow them indoors under artifical weather conditions.
Morels, which start to grow during the transition from winter to spring, experience their peak season in the spring months.
These species, which do not tend to grow in every season they find a humid environment like other mushroom species, prefer cool and humid seasons.
Can Morels Pop Up Overnight?
Morel mushrooms are like a gift from nature. As these mushrooms herald spring, they can appear overnight and disappear very quickly.
Their growth rate will astonish even the savviest mushroom hunter. That’s why mushroom hunters plan days or even weeks in advance to find morel mushrooms at the right time.
Can You Grow Morels at Home?
It is technically possible to grow morel mushrooms indoors but is it extremely difficult. Because the necessary environmental conditions for the growth of morel mushrooms require a very specific set of parameters unless you have a dedicated warehouse and a way to simulate nature, growing them indoors is next to impossible, but a few have done it.
It is difficult to provide conditions for efficient growth as the breeding techniques you conduct indoors will be insufficient.
Since the humidity, rain, and coolness required for morel mushrooms are best provided in natural environments, the virtual environment you try to create inside e will not be sufficient for these mushrooms to grow at their best.
Do Morels Come Out After Rain?
Morels appear with the spring rains. The increase in temperature and humidity in the spring months are the most important factors in the emergence of morels.
Morel mushrooms rise above the ground at sunrise after a productive rain. Nature revived with the arrival of spring is like an awakening for morels.
Can Morels Survive a Freeze?
Unfortunately, morels cannot survive in extremely cold weather.
At the same time, high temperatures cause morales to either overgrow or rot. Therefore, an average spring temperature and humidity are perfect for morels.