When hunting in the woods for some tasty morel mushrooms, it’s a good idea to know where to find them. They love a host of trees, so it’s very common to find them in groves of Aspens. They love the cover they provide, especially when the trees are decaying near the roots.
What Kinds of Morels Grow Near Aspen Trees?
Several species of morel mushrooms will grow near Aspen trees. The ones most often seen are the Common Morel and two types of Black Morels. The most common types of Black Morels are Morchella angusticeps and Morchella septentrionalis. If you’re fortunate enough, you might even find some Morchella brunnea too.
Do Morels Like Poplar Trees?
Morels love Poplar trees as much as they do Aspens. The most popular kind, though, is the Tulip Poplar. Also called a Tuliptree, it’s a tree most mushroom foragers go for to ensure they find the real deal. Found throughout a huge swath of regions within the United States, they’re the state tree of Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee.
Morels seem to take to the coverage and soil conditions the Tuliptree offers, preferring the dank, coolness provided in early spring. You know you’re looking at a Tulip Poplar by the appearance of its light gray bark and deep veins that separate vertically. During the morel hunting season, the Tuliptree is bereft of leaves and flowers.
What Kinds of Morels Grow Near Poplar Trees?
Common Morels will often grow under most poplar trees. But, the Tuliptree not only produces Common Morels but also several varieties of Yellow Morels and Black Morels, including Half-Cap Black Morels. This is why it’s so popular among shroom hunters, there’s such a variety to collect.
Do Morels Like Elm Trees?
Of all the trees morel mushrooms like, Elms are at the top of the list. It’s best to find ones that are dying in the summer and fall. This way, you’ll know there will be a high likelihood of morels appearing in early spring after the coming winter.
You can identify an Elm by the top of the tree. They won’t have any buds or leaves but all the bark will still be intact. The bark will be rough and coarse with a light gray to dark mousey brown and intersecting ridges. On some species, there will also be small whitish red speckles on the bark.
Similar to a Dead Ash Tree
An Elm that’s dead has many finger-like branches and some of the bark will be falling off. But note that Elms share this characteristic with Ash trees, which look very similar. Dead ash will have diamond-like bark and less finger-looking branches, plus they do not fruit morels.
Dead Elms Only
The Elm tree must be dead for it to produce morels. Very rarely will they appear if the tree is alive, even if it’s one limb. In fact, only one out of five Elms will produce morels and only when the weather conditions are favorable.
What Kinds of Morels Grow Near Elm Trees?
Most Common Morels, Yellow Morels and Black Morels find a home near Elm trees. But the Yellow Morel is specific here, called Morchella cryptica, it’s a synonym for Morchella ulmaria. This is a mushroom native to the Great Lakes region around Michigan and Wisconsin.
Do Morels Like Apple Trees?
Older Apple trees almost always help to provide the perfect conditions for morel mushrooms to appear. So yes, they like Apple trees. When they get knocked over in the woods, they provide a great nook for morels to grow.
Mostly Dead Is Best for Morels
Like Elm trees, it’s best to find an Apple tree that’s decaying and on its last years of life. When its branches are about 25% dead, morels will appear near the roots. But, these trees can take a beating and still live for 10 years. So, if it’s alive and thriving, it will be some time before morel mushrooms show up.
Morels Are Rare to Find Near Apple Trees
About one in every 10 apple trees will produce morels. So, while it can be difficult to find morels there, once you do, you’ll notice a slight variation in flavor from a Poplar, Aspen or Elm tree. It’s best to hunt for ideal Apple trees along groves of farming fields.
Spotting Morels around an Apple Tree
With morels and Apple trees, search a 12 to 15 feet diameter around the base of the tree. You can try following the root system as well. Also, even if you don’t find any morels during your first visit, keep returning to the same spot throughout the hunting season.
What Kinds of Morels Grow Near Apple Trees?
When Apple trees do fruit mushrooms, they will more than likely be Common Morels, Half-Cap Black Morels or Yellow Morels, specifically Morchella cryptica. These same mushrooms will fruit under Cherry and Pear trees as well.
Do Morels Like Ash Trees?
While morels won’t grow around dead Ash trees, they do love ones that are alive. But these only produce morels on a limited basis. So, it will be a matter of sheer luck because you just happened upon them. It is incredibly difficult to intentionally find morels near an Ash tree.
Differences & Diseases
They look a lot like Elm trees, but they have diamond-like ridges on the bark. Young Ashes have smoother bark than more mature ones. If the bark has already shredded, the tree will have a snake or worm-like pattern on the wood.
Unfortunately, many older Ash trees succumb to a disease called Emerald Ash Borer. This creates little holes in the bark that look like the letter “D.” This makes tree identification somewhat easier.
What Kinds of Morels Grow Near Ash Trees?
You can find all three basic types of morel mushrooms growing near Ash trees. But, if you find White Morels, consider yourself the luckiest person on earth. However, they also produce Yellow, Black, Half-Cap Black and Common varieties too.