Morels can grow under apple trees. Trees that bloom with the arrival of the first spring are a common growth area for morels.
Dying trees and plants are a unique food source for the survival of morels. If you are a morel hunter it is helpful to know the trees morels like to populate and hunt accordingly.
Do Morels Commonly Grow Around Apple Trees?
Apple orchards are a unique source of growth for morels. On average, one of every five apple trees yields morel mushrooms.
Apple trees are one of the rare trees that can provide the necessary environment for the growth of morels. Older apple trees are more beneficial than younger trees. Morels can thrive around rotting apples that fall from this tree.
Apple trees have a longer lifespan than other trees. The death process of an apple tree is a long one, in some cases, it can take up to 15 years for some apple trees to disappear completely.
When the apple tree dies it can no longer sustain morel growth. Therefore, it is necessary to discover these trees when they are old or the death process has just begun.
What Trees Do Morels Grow Under?
Morels are often found on the edges of wooded areas. They are especially fond of oak, elm, ash, and poplar trees.
Morels cannot grow in very hot and cold climates, they spread rapidly in suitable climatic conditions and if there is an adequate food source. Apple trees prepare the necessary environment for the growth of morels. Dying trees provide all the nutrients that morels need to sustain themselves.
Where Don’t Morels Grow?
Morels do not grow very well in extreme weather.
They are the Goldilocks of the mushroom world; as soon as it gets too hot or too cold, morels either move onto a better spot or die off the year.
They usually avoid flat and empty lands where there is little foliage, but this does not mean that they cannot grow there at all – it is just uncommon.
Morels prefer to ‘hide’ at the base of trees or in places where there is lots of leaf fall, so avoid vast and bare lands if you are morel hunting.
Do Morels Grow Under The Same Trees Every Year?
Morels come back to the same places every year if the weather conditions are favorable. If a tree has a long death process it is likely that you will find morels there again the following year.
As trees die they shed essential nutrients that morels love to thrive on. So long as the tree continues to deteriorate, morels have a good chance of populating there.
Morels also enjoy the shelter that trees provide. Although they love the rain, morels struggle to grow in especially wet and cold weather. The shelter found under a dying tree can be enough to shelter them from especially cold winter nights or rainfall that is too heavy and continuous.
Where Can I Find Apple Trees?
Apple trees, which first appeared in Central Asia, have been grown across Europe for thousands of years. They were later exported to the Americas, and are a common tree in many countries across the globe.
Apple trees grow in warm and moist soils. Apple trees love bright and sunny environments and grow best in places where the weather is temperate all year round.
Due to the high mineral and vitamin content of apples, it becomes a source of life for living things like mushrooms. This is one of the main reasons why morels love to grow close to them.
Do Morels Grow Under Living Apple Trees?
Morels can grow under living apple trees, but the older the tree the better. The minerals and vitamins they absorb from the soil play an effective role in the rapid growth of mushrooms.
Mushrooms love to grow under an apple tree with long branches and mineral-rich soil. They absorb the minerals that the apple tree releases from its roots and old or dying apple trees release more minerals than young living ones.
How Do I Know If An Apple Tree is Dead?
When an apple tree dies, its leaves wither, and its fruits begin to deteriorate in quality. The layer of bark on the tree trunk causes cracks and fissures deeper and more severely than before.
If you prune the branch of the apple tree and check whether there is a green layer between the bark and the core. If you can find no green underskin, then the tree is either dead or dying.
There are also other indicators that can tell you if a tree is in the death process:
- The bark is brittle and falling off
- Yellowing and blackening of trunk and branches
- The tree begins to lean
- The absence of new leaves with spring
- Termites have settled in
- There is rot present
The average lifespan of apple trees is between 10-15 years. If your tree is young and you see some of the above symptoms, your tree may have a health problem and you should investigate.
Do Morels Grow Next to MayApples?
No, morels do not grow next to Mayapples, but they do sprout around the same time of year.
Morel mushroom hunters monitor the growth of Mayapples as a signal to begin morel hunting because morels tend to appear when Mayapples begin to blossom.
There is no biological or ecological relationship between morels and Mayapples, only their circumstantial developmental timing.
If you are looking for morels, do not go looking for them around Mayapples, instead, use Mayapples as a way of timing your yearly morel hunt.
How Long Do Morels Live Under Apple Trees?
Morals live under apple trees for the same amount of time they live anywhere else. Apple trees are a good food source for morels, but they do not help them to live any longer.
In general, morels survive above the ground between 10 -15 days before they start to deteriorate.
So long as the morels are able to grow to maternity and spread their spores in the local area, it is likely that new morels will grow in their place.