Matsutake mushrooms (Tricholoma nauseosum) are among the most expensive mushrooms in the world. Matsutake mushrooms originate from Japan. Due to the deterioration of the Japanese habitat in recent years, access to Matsutake mushrooms has become increasingly difficult.
Matsutake mushroom producers are shrinking as the market is selling out of these mushrooms, and those available are sold at exorbitant prices.
In addition to Matsutake mushrooms, some of the other mushrooms known for their high price tag are Yartsa Gunbu, White Truffle, and Morel mushrooms.
Why Are Some Mushrooms Costly?
One of the main reasons why some mushrooms are sold for high prices compared to other mushrooms is their rarity in nature or difficulty to cultivate.
Mushrooms grown indoors require a great deal of effort and finding mushrooms such as Matsutake, Morel or White Truffle in nature requires some skill and knowledge.
Additionally, mushroom hunting can be dangerous. It is very important to know these mushrooms well and to be able to distinguish the non-poisonous ones from the poisonous ones – and those who have this knowledge are able to charge a high price for them.
The world’s most expensive mushrooms are difficult to find and very difficult to grow. Mass production and processing of these mushrooms, which are very sensitive, is also very difficult.
Expensive mushrooms are in the class of edible non-poisonous mushrooms. You can consume these mushrooms as you wish. It is very difficult to distinguish the fake from the real ones and some nefarious mushroom species look exactly like the non-poisonous edible types.
If you are not a good mushroom hunter, you can easily get mushroom species confused and accidentally contaminate the mushroom market, which can be fatal for customers. That’s why experienced mushroom hunters can charge a high price for their time.
However, expensive mushrooms offer great job opportunities for farmers and startups. This sector, where you can make big profits with small capital investment, can yield good profits if done correctly and the necessary time, money, and expectations are invested.
Mushrooms can grow on their own in nature or can be grown indoors by professionals. In addition, with the storage method, you can stock large mushroom communities and offer them for sale in bulk.
Small farms wish to ensure a good harvest, so employing a seasoned mushroom cultivator increases their overheads, so they must increase the price.
Another reason why some mushrooms are expensive compared to others depends on why you are buying the mushroom. Mushrooms sold to eat tend to be less expensive than forms that are grown for medicinal purposes.
Mushrooms are much richer in mineral vitamins and antioxidants than many plant species and have been used in natural medicine for years.
These mushrooms, which differ from other mushroom types in taste and flavor, open the door to a unique experience for you and can help alleviate illness. This too increases demand.
How to Choose The Best Mushroom
There are thousands of types of mushrooms around the world, and only some of these mushrooms are edible. The rest of these mushrooms, which are mostly poisonous, are not recommended to be touched, let alone eaten.
There are a number of criteria that we should pay attention to when choosing the best mushroom.
The flavor of a mushroom determines its quality. There are many flavors of mushrooms so choose according to your dish.
Some mushrooms have a fishy flavor, some have a nutty flavor and some have a woody flavor. These tastes are observed in many of the mushroom species and appeal to a variety of palates.
Another use for mushrooms is the antioxidants and vitamins contained in them. Mushrooms produce antioxidants that are beneficial to human health.
This antioxidant ratio varies according to the type of mushroom. When choosing a good mushroom, general knowledge about mushrooms should be obtained and such characteristics of mushroom species should be known.
Which Are The 3 Most Costly Mushrooms?
The most expensive mushrooms in the world today can be very expensive, the extent of which can be surprising to some.
However, when you consider the production stages of these mushrooms and the great effort required for the process, their prices are not exaggerated, but necessary due to costly cultivation and handling.
Here are the 3 most expensive mushrooms in the world:
Yartsa Gunbu mushroom is among the most expensive mushrooms in the world. This type of mushroom is frequently encountered in the Tibet region and is highly valued as a natural aphrodisiac.
The average price of this mushroom per ounce is around $2,000. This type of fungus, which begins its development under the ground so it is hard to find, is very thin and weak in structure.
They are parasitic fungi that enter the body of a host (usually a caterpillar) and completely destroy the caterpillar from within. These mushrooms are usually eaten as a snack and have a distinctive flavor.
European White Truffle
Truffles grow under trees (particularly oak trees) and in forested areas. These mushrooms are very difficult to find.
Even with trained dogs, these mushrooms are not easy to find and are among the most expensive mushrooms in the world.
Truffles are famous for their excellent taste. These delicious mushrooms are served by the best chefs in the best restaurants in the world.
The White Truffle, which has a price ranging between 2000-4000$ per pound, is frequently found in many countries across Europe. Truffles can be divided into two groups, white and black.
Black truffles are produced more than white ones. Especially in Europe, the cultivation of Black truffles is more common.
Matsutake mushroom is a type of mushroom that grows in Japan. This type of mushroom is very delicious and is among the most expensive mushrooms in the world.
Matsutake mushroom has an important place in Japanese history. Traces of this mushroom have been found on traditional Japanese tables dating back centuries.
With a shaped cap and a very short stem, Matsutake mushrooms have a spicy and slightly fruity flavor. Matsutake mushrooms cost around $1000-2000 per pound.
Other types of popular and rare mushrooms are:
- Enoki mushroom
- Oyster mushroom